Research article

A comparison of soil respiration, carbon balance and root carbon use efficiency in two managed Moso bamboo forests in subtropical China

Xiaolu Tang, Shaohui Fan , Lianghua Qi, Fengying Guan, Wenhui Su, Manyi Du

Xiaolu Tang
Key Laboratory of Bamboo and Rattan Science, International Centre for Bamboo and Rattan, Wangjing, Chaoyang District, Beijing, 100102, China; Department of Forest Inventory and Remote Sensing, Burckhardt Institute, Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, 37077 Göttingen, Germany
Shaohui Fan
Key Laboratory of Bamboo and Rattan Science, International Centre for Bamboo and Rattan, Wangjing, Chaoyang District, Beijing, 100102, China. Email:
Lianghua Qi
Key Laboratory of Bamboo and Rattan Science, International Centre for Bamboo and Rattan, Wangjing, Chaoyang District, Beijing, 100102, China
Fengying Guan
Key Laboratory of Bamboo and Rattan Science, International Centre for Bamboo and Rattan, Wangjing, Chaoyang District, Beijing, 100102, China
Wenhui Su
Key Laboratory of Bamboo and Rattan Science, International Centre for Bamboo and Rattan, Wangjing, Chaoyang District, Beijing, 100102, China
Manyi Du
Experimental Center of Forestry in North China, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 102300, China

Online First: January 28, 2016
Tang, X., Fan, S., Qi, L., Guan, F., Su, W., Du, M. 2016. A comparison of soil respiration, carbon balance and root carbon use efficiency in two managed Moso bamboo forests in subtropical China. Annals of Forest Research DOI:10.15287/afr.2016.497

Moso bamboo forest (Phyllostachys heterocycla [Carr.] Mitford cv. Pubescens) is an important forest type in subtropical China and comprises an important pool in the global carbon cycle. Understanding the effects of the stand management, such as understory removal, on soil respiration (RS) will help to provide a more accurate estimation of carbon cycling and predict future climate change. The study aimed to compare RS and net ecosystem production (NEP) in two Moso bamboo forests managed by the application of herbicide (AH) and conventional hand-weeded (HW) treatment, and further examine their root carbon use efficiency (RCUE). Trenching and litter removal were used to partition the source components of RS and one-year field measurement was conducted. Maximum-minimum approach was used to estimate fine root production. NEP was determined by the balance between NPP of vegetation and heterotrophic respiration (RH) of soil. RCUE was calculated using an indirect method. In both stands, soil temperature and soil moisture at 5 cm depth were the main driving forces to the seasonality of RS. Annual RS was 31.6 t CO2 ha-1 for the stand AH and 33.9 t CO2 ha-1 for the stand HW, while net ecosystem production (NEP) were 21.9 and 21.1 t CO2 ha-1, respectively, indicating that the both Moso bamboo stands acted as carbon sinks in the scenarios of current climate change. The RCUE was 30.6% for the stand AH, which was significantly lower than that for the stand HW (58.8%). This result indicates that different stand management practices can alter RCUE and the assumed constant universal carbon use efficiency (CUE) of 50% is not appropriate in Moso bamboo forests. This study highlight the importance of partition the source components of RS and accurate estimation of RCUE in modelling carbon cycling in Moso bamboo forests.

Bahn M., Reichstein M., Davidson E.A., Grunzweig J., Jung M., Carbone M.S., Epron D., Misson L., Nouvellon Y., Roupsard O., Savage K., Trumbore S.E., Gimeno C., Yuste J.C., Tang J., Vargas R. and Janssens I.A., 2010. Soil respiration at mean annual temperature predicts annual total across vegetation types and biomes. Biogeosciences 7: 2147-2157. DOI: 10.5194/bg-7-2147-2010

Bond-Lamberty B. and Thomson A., 2010. Temperature-associated increases in the global soil respiration record. Nature 464: 579-582. DOI: 10.1038/nature08930

Bond-Lamberty B., Wang C. and Gower S.T., 2004. Aglobal relationship between the heterotrophic and autotrophic components of soil respiration? Global Change Biologyogy 10: 1756-1766. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2004.00816.x

Boone R.D., Nadelhoffer K.J., Canary J.D. and Kaye J.P., 1998. Roots exert a strong influence on the temperature sensitivity of soil respiration. Nature 396: 570-572. DOI: 10.1038/25119

Brunner I., Bakker M.R., Björk R.G., Hirano Y., Lukac M., Aranda X., Børja I., Eldhuset T.D., Helmisaari H.S., Jourdan C., Konôpka B., López B.C., Miguel Pérez C., Persson H. and Ostonen I., 2013. Fine-root turnover rates of European forests revisited: an analysis of data from sequential coring and ingrowth cores. Plant and Soil 362: 357-372. DOI: 10.1007/s11104-012-1313-5

Chambers J.Q., Tribuzy E.S., Toledo L.C., Crispim B.F., Higuchi N., dos Santos J., Araujo A.C., Kruijt B., Nobre A.D. and Trumbore S.E., 2004. Respiration from a tropical forest ecosystem: Partitioning of sources and low carbon use efficiency. Ecological Applications 14: S72-S88. DOI: 10.1890/01-6012

Chen G., Yang Y., Gao R., Xie J., Yang Z. and Mao Y., 2008a. Changes in belowground carbon allocation in a Chinese fir chronosequence inFujianProvince. Journal of Plant Ecology (Chinese version) 32: 1285-1293 (in Chinese with English abstract).

Chen G., Yang Y., Lv P., Zhang Y. and Qian X., 2008b. Regional patterns of soil respiration inChina's forests. Acta Ecologica Sinica 28: 1748-1761 (in Chinese with English abstract).

Chen G.S., Yang Y.S., Guo J.F., Xie J.S. and Yang Z.J., 2011. Relationships between carbon allocation and partitioning of soil respiration across world mature forests. Plant Ecology 212: 195-206. DOI: 10.1007/ s11258-010-9814-x

Chen X., Hutley L.B. and Eamus D., 2003. Carbon balance of a tropical savanna of northern Australia. Oecologia 137: 405-416. DOI: 10.1007/s00442-003-1358-5
DOI: 10.1007/s00442-003-1358-5

Chen X.G., Zhang X.Q., Zhang Y.P., Booth T. and He X.H., 2009. Changes of carbon stocks in bamboo stands in Chinaduring 100 years. ForestEcology Management 258: 1489-1496. DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2009.06.051

ChinaGreen Foundation. 2008. Carbon sink afforestation projects metering and monitoring guidelines. Chinese Forestry Publisher,Beijing.

Coleman M., Dickson R. and Isebrands J., 2000. Contrasting fine-root production, survival and soil CO2 efflux in pine and poplar plantations. Plant and Soil 225: 129-139. DOI: 10.1023/A:1026564228951

Curtis P., Vogel C., Gough C., Schmid H., Su H.B. and Bovard B., 2005. Respiratory carbon losses and the carbon‐use efficiency of a northern hardwood forest, 1999–2003. New Phytologist 167: 437-456. DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2005.01438.x

Davidson E.A., Belk E. and Boone R.D., 1998. Soil water content and temperature as independent or confounded factors controlling soil respiration in a temperate mixed hardwood forest. Global Change Biologyogy 4: 217-227. DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2486.1998.00128.x

Davidson E.A. and Janssens I.A., 2006. Temperature sensitivity of soil carbon decomposition and feedbacks to climate change. Nature 440: 165-173. 10.1038/nature04514. DOI: 10.1038/nature04514

Davidson E.A., Verchot L.V., Cattânio J.H., Ackerman I.L. and Carvalho J.E.M., 2000. Effects of soil water content on soil respiration in forests and cattle pastures of eastern Amazonia. Biogeochemistry 48: 53-69.
DOI: 10.1023/A:1006204113917

DeLucia E.H., Drake J.E., Thomas R.B. and Gonzalez-Meler M., 2007. Forestcarbon use efficiency: is respiration a constant fraction of gross primary production? Global Change Biologyogy 13: 1157-1167. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2007.01365.x

Du H., Zhou G., Fan W., Ge H., Xu X. and Shi Y., 2010. Spatial heterogeneity and carbon contribution of aboveground biomass of moso bamboo by using geostatistical theory. Plant Ecology 207: 131-139. DOI: 10.1007/s11258-009-9659-3

Ewel K.C., Cropper.Jr W.P. and Gholz H.L., 1987. Soil CO2 evolution in Floridaslash pine plantations. II. Importance of root respiration. Canadian Journal of ForestResearch 17: 330-333. DOI: 10.1139/x87-055

Fan S., Xiao F., Wang S., Guan F., Yu X. and Shen Z., 2009a. Soil respiration of Moso bamboo plantation in Huitong, Hu'nan Province. Acta Ecologica Sinica 29: 5971-5977 (in Chinese with English abstract).

Fan S., Xiao F., Wang S., Su W., Yu X. and Shen Z., 2009b. Fine root biomass and turnover in Moso Bamboo plantation in Huitong Forest Station,HunanProvince. Scientia Silvae Sinicae 45: 1-6 (In Chinese with English abstract).

Fu J., 2000. Moso bamboo inChina. ABS Mag 21: 12-17.

Gaumont-Guay D., Black T.A., McCaughey H., Barr A.G., Krishnan P., Jassal R.S. and Nesic Z., 2009. Soil CO2 efflux in contrasting boreal deciduous and coniferous stands and its contribution to the ecosystem carbon balance. Global Change Biologyogy 15: 1302-1319. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2008.01830.x

Giardina C.P. and Ryan M.G., 2000. Evidence that decomposition rates of organic carbon in mineral soil do not vary with temperature. Nature 404: 858-861. DOI: 10.1038/35009076

Giardina C.P., Ryan M.G., Binkley D. and Fownes J.H., 2003. Primary production and carbon allocation in relation to nutrient supply in a tropical experimental forest. Global Change Biologyogy 9: 1438-1450. DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2486.2003.00558.x

Han T.F., Zhou G.Y., Li Y.L., Liu J.X. and Zhang D.Q., 2011. Partitioning soil respiration in lower subtropical forests at different successional stages in southern China. Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology 35: 946–954. DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1258.2011.00946

Hanson P.J., Edwards N.T., Garten C.T. and Andrews J.A., 2000. Separating root and soil microbial contributions to soil respiration: A review of methods and observations. Biogeochemistry 48: 115-146. DOI: 10.1023/A:1006244819642

Harmon M., Bible K., Ryan M., Shaw D., Chen H., Klopatek J. and Li X., 2004. Production, Respiration, and Overall Carbon Balance in an Old-growthPseudotsuga-TsugaForestEcosystem. Ecosystems 7: 498-512. DOI: 10.1007/s10021-004-0140-9

Högberg P., Bhupinderpal S., Löfvenius M.O. and Nordgren A., 2009. Partitioning of soil respiration into its autotrophic and heterotrophic components by means of tree-girdling in old boreal spruce forest. ForestEcology and Management 257: 1764-1767. DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2009.01.036

Högberg P., Nordgren A., Buchmann N., TaylorA.F.S., Ekblad A., Hogberg M.N., Nyberg G., Ottosson-Lofvenius M. and Read D.J., 2001. Large-scale forest girdling shows that current photosynthesis drives soil respiration. Nature 411: 789-792. DOI: 10.1038/35081058

IPCC. 2007. Climate Change 2007: Synthesis Report. Contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.

Kaspar T. and Bland W.L., 1992. Soil temperature and root growth. Soil Science 154: 290-299. DOI: 10.1097/ 00010694-199210000-00005

Kuzyakov Y. and Gavrichkova O., 2010. Time lag between photosynthesis and carbon dioxide efflux from soil: a review of mechanisms and controls. Global Change Biology 16: 3386-3406. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2010.02179.x

Law B.E., Falge E., Gu L., Baldocchi D.D., Bakwin P., Berbigier P., Davis K., Dolman A.J., Falk M., Fuentes J.D., Goldstein A., Granier A., Grelle A., Hollinger D., Janssens I.A., Jarvis P., Jensen N.O., Katul G., Mahli Y., Matteucci G., Meyers T., Monson R., Munger W., Oechel W., Olson R., Pilegaard K., Paw U K.T., Thorgeirsson H., Valentini R., Verma S., Vesala T., Wilson K. and Wofsy S., 2002. Environmental controls over carbon dioxide and water vapor exchange of terrestrial vegetation. Agricultural and ForestMeteorology 113: 97-120. DOI: 10.1016/S0168-1923(02)00104-1

Law B.E., Ryan M.G. and Anthoni P.M., 1999. Seasonal and annual respiration of a ponderosa pine ecosystem. Global Change Biologyogy 5: 169-182. DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2486.1999.00214.x

Lee K.-H. and Jose S., 2003. Soil respiration, fine root production, and microbial biomass in cottonwood and loblolly pine plantations along a nitrogen fertilization gradient. For Eco Manag 185: 263-273. DOI: 10.1016/S0378-1127(03)00164-6

Lee M.S., Nakane K., Nakatsubo T. and Koizumi H., 2003. Seasonal changes in the contribution of root respiration to total soil respiration in a cool-temperate deciduous forest. Plant and Soil 255: 311-318. DOI: 10.1023/A:1026192607512

Lee N.-y., Koo J.-W., Noh N., Kim J. and Son Y., 2010. Autotrophic and heterotrophic respiration in needle fir and Quercus-dominated stands in a cool-temperate forest, central Korea. Journal of Plant Research 123: 485-495. DOI: 10.1007/s10265-010-0316-7

Li H.J., Yan J.X., Yue X.F. and Wang M.B., 2008. Significance of soil temperature and moisture for soil respiration in a Chinese mountain area. Agricultural and ForestMeteorology 148: 490-503. DOI: 10.1016/j.agrformet. 2007.10.009

Li X., Fu H., Guo D., Li X. and Wan C., 2010a. Partitioning soil respiration and assessing the carbon balance in a Setaria italica (L.) Beauv. Cropland on the Loess Plateau, Northern China. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 42: 337-346. DOI: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2009.11.013

Li Y., Jian H. and Yuan F., 2010b. Soil respiration and its regulating factors in the Phyllostachys edulis forest of westTianmuMountain. Acta Ecologica Sinica 30: 4590-4597 (in Chinese with English abstract).

Li Y.Q., Xu M. and Zou X.M., 2006. Heterotrophic soil respiration in relation to environmental factors and microbial biomass in two wet tropical forests. Plant and Soil 281: 193-201. DOI: 10.1007/s11104-005-4249-1

Li Z., Wang X., Zhang R., Zhang J. and Tian C., 2011. Contrasting diurnal variations in soil organic carbon decomposition and root respiration due to a hysteresis effect with soil temperature in a Gossypium s. (cotton) plantation. Plant and Soil 343: 347-355. DOI: 10.1007/s11104-011-0722-1

Liu J., Jiang P.K., Wang H.L., Zhou G.M., Wu J.S., Yang F. and Qian X.B., 2011. Seasonal soil CO2 efflux dynamics after land use change from a natural forest to Moso bamboo plantations in subtropical China. ForestEcology and Management 262: 1131-1137. DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2011.06.015

Liu M., Qi L. and Yuan L., 2012. Characteristics of climate change from 1960 to 2009 Xianning,HubeiProvince. Journal of Meteorology and Environment 28: 71-76 (in Chinese with English abstract).

Luan J.W., Liu S.R., Wang J.X., Zhu X.L. and Shi Z.M., 2011. Rhizospheric and heterotrophic respiration of a warm-temperate oak chronosequence in China. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 43: 503-512. DOI: 10.1016/ j.soilbio.2010. 11.010

Luo Y. and Zhou X. 2006. Soil respiration and the environment. Academic press,San Diego,California.

Ma Y., Piao S., Sun Z., Lin X., Wang T., Yue C. and Yang Y., 2014. Stand ages regulate the response of soil respiration to temperature in a Larix principis-rupprechtii plantation. Agricultural and ForestMeteorology 184: 179-187. DOI: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2013.10.008

Malhi Y., Baldocchi D.D. and Jarvis P.G., 1999. The carbon balance of tropical, temperate and boreal forests. Plant Cell Environ. 22: 715-740. DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-3040.1999.00453.x

Manzoni S., Taylor P., Richter A., Porporato A. and Ågren G.I., 2012. Environmental and stoichiometric controls on microbial carbon-use efficiency in soils. New Phytologist 196: 79-91. DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2012.04225.x

McClaugherty C.A., Aber J.D. and Melillo J.M., 1982. The role of fine roots in the organic matter and nitrogen budgets of two forested ecosystems. Ecology 63: 1481-1490. DOI: 10.2307/1938874

Perucci P., Dumontet S., Bufo S.A., Mazzatura A. and Casucci C., 2000. Effects of organic amendment and herbicide treatment on soil microbial biomass. Biology and Fertility of Soils 32: 17-23. DOI: 10.1007/ s003740000207

Pregitzer K.S., King J.S., BurtonA.J. and Brown S.E., 2000. Responses of tree fine roots to temperature. New Phytologist 147: 105-115. DOI: 10.1046/j.1469-8137.2000.00689.x

Pregitzer K.S., Laskowski M.J., BurtonA.J., Lessard V.C. and Zak D.R., 1998. Variation in sugar maple root respiration with root diameter and soil depth. Tree Physiology 18: 665-670. DOI: 10.1093/treephys/18.10.665

R Core Team. 2014. R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing,Vienna,Austria. URL

Raich J.W. and Nadelhoffer K.J., 1989. Belowground carbon allocation in forest ecosystems: global trends. Ecology 70: 1346-1354. DOI: 10.2307/1938194

Raich J.W. and Schlesinger W.H., 1992. The global carbon dioxide flux in soil respiration and its relationship to vegetation and climate. Tellus B 44: 81-99. DOI: 10.1034/j.1600-0889.1992.t01-1-00001.x

Rey A., Pegoraro E., Tedeschi V., De Parri I., Jarvis P.G. and Valentini R., 2002. Annual variation in soil respiration and its components in a coppice oak forestin Central Italy. Global Change Biologyogy 8: 851-866. DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2486.2002.00521.x

Ryan M.G., Hubbard R.M., Pongracic S., Raison R.J. and McMurtrie R.E., 1996. Foliage, fine-root, woody-tissue and stand respiration in Pinus radiata in relation to nitrogen status. Tree Physiology 16: 333-343. DOI: 10.1093/treephys/16.3.333

Ryan M.G., Lavigne M.B. and Gower S.T., 1997. Annual carbon cost of autotrophic respiration in boreal forest ecosystems in relation to species and climate. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 102: 28871-28883. DOI: 10.1029/97JD01236

Silver W.L. and Miya R.K., 2001. Global patterns in root decomposition: comparisons of climate and litter quality effects. Oecologia 129: 407-419. DOI: 10.1007/s004420100740

Song X., Yuan H., KimberleyM.O., Jiang H., Zhou G. and Wang H., 2013. Soil CO2 flux dynamics in the two main plantation forest types in subtropical China. Science of the Total Environment 444: 363-368. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2012.12.006

Song X.Z., Peng C.H., Zhao Z.Y., Zhang Z.T., Guo B.H., Wang W.F., Jiang H. and Zhu Q.A., 2014. Quantification of soil respiration in forest ecosystems across China. Atmospheric Environment 94: 546-551. DOI: 10.1016/j. atmosenv.2014.05.071

State Forestry Adiministration. 2014. Report for Chinese forest resource—The 8th national forest inventory.China Forestry Publishing House, Beijing China.

Subke J.-A. and Bahn M., 2010. On the 'temperature sensitivity' of soil respiration: Can we use the immeasurable to predict the unknown? Soil Biology and Biochemistry 42: 1653-1656. DOI: 10.1016/ j.soilbio.2010.05.026

Subke J.-A., InglimaI.and Francesca Cotrufo M., 2006. Trends and methodological impacts in soil CO2 efflux partitioning: A meta analytical review. Global Change Biologyogy 12: 921-943. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2006.01117.x

Tan Z., Zhang Y., Yu G., Sha L., Tang J., Deng X. and Song Q., 2010. Carbon balance of a primary tropical seasonal rain forest. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 115: D00H26. DOI: 10.1029/ 2009JD012913

Tang J.W., Baldocchi D.D. and Xu L.K., 2005. Tree photosynthesis modulates soil respiration on a diurnal time scale. Global Change Biologyogy 11: 1298-1304. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2005.00978.x

Tang X., Fan S., Qi L., Guan F., Cai C. and Du M., 2015. Soil respiration and carbon balance in a Moso bamboo (Phyllostachys heterocycla (Carr.) Mitford cv. Pubescens) forest in subtropical China. iForest - Biogeosciences and Forestry: (in press). DOI: 10.3832ifor1360-007

Tang X., Fan S., Qi L., Liu G., Guan F., Du M. and Shen C., 2012. Effect of different managements on carbon storage and carbon allocation in Moso Bamboo Forest (Phyllostachys pubescen). Acta Agr UniJiangxi34: 736-742 (in Chinese with English abstract).

Tian D., Wang G., Peng Y., Yan W., Fang X., Zhu F. and Chen X., 2011. Contribution of autotrophic and heterotrophic respiration to soil CO2 efflux in Chinese fir plantations. Australian Journal of Botany 59: 26-31. DOI: 10.1071/BT10191

Tu L.H., Hu T.X., Zhang J., Li X.W., Hu H.L., Liu L. and Xiao Y.L., 2013. Nitrogen addition stimulates different components of soil respiration in a subtropical bamboo ecosystem. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 58: 255-264. DOI: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2012.12.005

Wang C., Gower S.T., Wang Y., Zhao H., Yan P. and Bond-Lamberty B.P., 2001. The influence of fire on carbon distribution and net primary production of boreal Larix gmelinii forests in north-eastern China. Global Change Biologyogy 7: 719-730. DOI: 10.1046/j.1354-1013.2001.00441.x

Wang C. and Yang J., 2007. Rhizospheric and heterotrophic components of soil respiration in six Chinese temperate forests. Global Change Biologyogy 13: 123-131. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2006.01291.x

Wang C., Yang Z.J., Chen G.S., Fan Y.X., Liu Q. and Tian H., 2011a. Characteristics of soil respiration in Phyllostachys edulis forest in Wanmulin Natural Reserve and related affecting factors. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology 22: 1212-1218 (In Chinese).

Wang G.P., Innes J.L., Dai S.Y. and He G.H., 2008. Achieving sustainable rural development in Southern China: the contribution of bamboo forestry. International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology 15: 484-495. DOI: 10.3843/SusDev.15.5:9

Wang W., Chen W. and Wang S., 2010. Forestsoil respiration and its heterotrophic and autotrophic components: Global patterns and responses to temperature and precipitation. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 42: 1236-1244. DOI: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2010.04.013

Wang X.L., Zhao J., Wu J.P., Chen H., Lin Y.B., Zhou L.X. and Fu S.L., 2011b. Impacts of understory species removal and/or addition on soil respiration in a mixed forest plantation with native species in southern China. Forest Ecology and Management 261: 1053-1060. DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco. 2010.12.027

Wu C., Zhang Y., Xu X., Sha L., You G., Liu Y. and Xie Y., 2014a. Influence of interactions between litter decomposition and rhizosphere activity on soil respiration and on the temperature sensitivity in a subtropical montane forest in SW China. Plant and Soil 381: 215-224. DOI: 10.1007/s11104-014-2106-9

Wu J., Liu Z., Chen D., Huang G., Zhou L. and Fu S., 2011. Understory plants can make substantial contributions to soil respiration: Evidence from two subtropical plantations. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 43: 2355-2357. DOI: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2011.07.011

Wu J.J., Yang Z.J., Liu X.F., Xiong D.C., Lin W.S., Chen C.Q. and Wang X.H., 2014b. Analysis of soil respiration and components in Castanopsis carlesii and Cunninghamia lanceolata plantations. Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology 38: 45-53. DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1258.2014.00005

Xiao F., Fan S., Wang S., Guan F., Yu X. and Shen Z., 2010. Estimation of carbon balance in Moso bamboo forest and Chinese fir plantation ecosystem. Scientia Silvae Sinicae 46: 59-65 (in Chinese with English abstract).

Yan J., Wang Y., Zhou G. and Zhang D., 2006. Estimates of soil respiration and net primary production of three forests at different succession stages in South China. Global Change Biologyogy 12: 810-821. DOI: 10.1111/ j.1365-2486.2006.01141.x

Yan M., Guo N., Ren H., Zhang X. and Zhou G., 2015. Autotrophic and heterotrophic respiration of a poplar plantation chronosequence in northwest China. Forest Ecology and Management 337: 119-125. DOI: 10.1016/ j.foreco.2014.11.009

Yang Y.S., Chen G.S., Guo J.F., Xie J.S. and Wang X.G., 2007. Soil respiration and carbon balance in a subtropical native forest and two managed plantations. Plant Ecology 193: 71-84. DOI: 10.1007/s11258-006-9249-6

No Supplimentary Material available for this article.
No metrics available for this article.

Related Articles

Related Authors


In Google Scholar

In Annals of Forest Research

In Google Scholar

  • Xiaolu Tang
  • Shaohui Fan
  • Lianghua Qi
  • Fengying Guan
  • Wenhui Su
  • Manyi Du
  • Xiaolu Tang
  • Shaohui Fan
  • Lianghua Qi
  • Fengying Guan
  • Wenhui Su
  • Manyi Du