Research article

New silvicultural approaches for multipurpose management in beech forests

Francesco Pelleri, Claudia Becagli , Dalila Sansone, Elisa Bianchetto, Claudio Bidini, Maria Chiara Manetti

Francesco Pelleri
Council for Agricultural Research and Economics Research Centre for Forestry and Wood
Claudia Becagli
Council for Agricultural Research and Economics - Research Centre for Agriculture and Environment. Email: claudia.becagli@crea.gov.it
Dalila Sansone
Council for Agricultural Research and Economics Research Centre for Forestry and Wood
Elisa Bianchetto
Council for Agricultural Research and Economics - Research Centre for Agriculture and Environment
Claudio Bidini
Council for Agricultural Research and Economics Research Centre for Forestry and Wood
Maria Chiara Manetti
Council for Agricultural Research and Economics Research Centre for Forestry and Wood

Online First: December 27, 2021
Pelleri, F., Becagli, C., Sansone, D., Bianchetto, E., Bidini, C., Manetti, M. 2021. New silvicultural approaches for multipurpose management in beech forests. Annals of Forest Research DOI:10.15287/afr.2021.2226


Traditional thinning and stand silviculture had positive effects on tree stability, stand efficiency and tree growth if compared to the lack of management. Nevertheless, the tree oriented silviculture has proven to be a type of management best meets the multifunctionality pourpouses required by forests today. In Italy beech high forests are generally managed with traditional thinning from below ascribable to stand silviculture; in the last decades tree oriented silviculture, an innovative management system is spreading in Europe. The aim of the study is to compare two thinning types applied in two localities of central Italy, in beech stands deriving from shelterwood system, aged 45-50 years: stand silviculture (SS), tree-silviculure (TS) and control (C). All trees were periodically measured in order to assess growth, mortality and production from 2008 onwards. Crop trees DBH, selected for each silvicultural approach, was annually measured while, an evaluation of the stem quality, crown development and stability were carried out between the 1st and last thinnings. Differences in vertical and horizontal diversity stand structures were assessed. Results pointed out similar growth rate at stand level; while a superior growth in diameter, in dimension of the crown and stability of the crop trees were observed in TS. The TS has proven to be the management option that best meets the multifunctionality required by forests today.


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